Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist. He was popularly known as C.V Raman. He was born on 7th November 1888 at Thiruchirappalli.
Essay on CV Raman in 200 Words
Raman was born to a Tamil Brahmin parents. His father was a physics teacher in a college. His father’s name was Chandrasekhara Ramanathan Iyer and his mother was Parvathi Ammal.
He was the dk second of eight siblings. Raman was a brilliant student. Raman passed his matriculation At the age of 11 and after that, his parents send him abroad for higher studies.
In 1902 he joined Presidency College in Madras. After two years he did a degree from the University of Madras and secured gold medals in physics and English.
He published the first scientific paper on the topic “Unsymmetrical diffraction bands due to a rectangular aperture“ at the age of 18 in the British journal.
In 1928 February 28th “The Raman effect was discovered. The Indian Government celebrated this day as National Science Day.
In 1954, the Government of India awarded him the first Bharat Ratna, its highest civilian award. In 1930 he got a Nobel prize in Physics for his work on the ‘Scattering of Light’ and for the discovery effect.
The Discovery of the scattering of light led to the development of a simple alternative to infra-red spectroscopy, which is called “Raman Spectroscopy’.
He was the first Asian person to receive a Nobel Prize in the branch of Science.
Some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect.
Raman also explained the blue colour of the ocean was the result of the scattering of sunlight by the molecules of the water.
In 1933 Raman was charged as the Director of the Indian Institute of Sciences at Bangalore. In 1943 he founded the Raman Research Institute in the same place.
“Treat me right and you will see the light, Treat me wrong and you will be gone” is the famous quote by Raman to the Younger generation.
His wife’s name was Lokasundari Ammal, married on 6th May 1907. Raman married Lokasundari Ammal when she was 13 years old.
He died on 21st November 1970 at the age of 82 due to cardiac arrest. Before 2 days of his death, he told one of his students
“Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it or not.”
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