The state of the world today teaches us that (self-reliant India) “self-reliant”
India” is the only way.” Prime Minister Narendra Modi,
Self-Reliant India Mission Essay
Atmanirbhar Bharat, which translates to ‘self-reliant India’ or ‘self-reliant India’, is a term coined by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, to make India a “larger and more important part of the global economy”, following policies that do. Our efficient, competitive and flexible, and are self-sufficient and self-sufficient. Atmanirbhar Bharat is not meant to be “self-control”, “isolated from the world” or “protectionist”.
India needs to be self-reliant in the energy sector
India is a fast-growing economy that requires energy to meet its development objectives in a sustainable manner. The Indian economy is facing challenges in meeting its energy needs in the coming decade. , India is one of the top five greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters globally. “The country will reduce its dependence on imports. To make India self-reliant in the energy sector, a major step is being taken today,” PM Modi said. “Despite having the world’s fourth-largest coal reserves and being the second-largest producer, The country is the second-largest importer of coal.
Challenges for self-reliant India in the energy sector
Rising oil imports: According to IEA data, India’s oil consumption has increased six-fold in the last 25 years and oil already accounts for about a third of India’s energy use. To meet the growing demand, India imported 95.86 million tonnes of crude oil in 2004/05, which was 75% of the total supply .
The demand for oil has prompted India to enter into deals with countries like Sudan, Syria and Iran. Such high import dependence is associated with the risk of supply disruptions due to large crude oil imports that could have serious implications for the economy.
Low quality of coal: India is the third-largest producer of coal in the world. The bulk of the coal produced is consumed by the power sector. The poor quality of Indian coal and the lack of infrastructure to clean it and the associated transportation of coal are due to environmental pollution and the associated economic burden.
Inefficient Electric Systems: Although 80 per cent of the country has access to electricity, unreliable power grids and inefficient electric systems result in power loss along the distribution chain. State Electricity Boards run the infrastructure for power distribution but their financial position is poor. Though the government has relaxed foreign investment limits in the power sector, the notion of working with financially-strapped power boards has stymied private investment.
Dependence on Crude Oil: The biggest external dependency of the country is not electronics but oil. India imports about 80% of its consumption requirement. However, it has an abundant supply of renewable energy sources. The government has set an ambitious target of achieving 175 GW by 2022 and 450 GW by 2030 – currently 120 per cent of India’s total installed power generation capacity.
Dependence for solar equipment: India currently relies mainly on China for 80-90 per cent of the solar equipment needed to meet the ambitious target of 100 GW of solar power by 2022. Of the $1.5 billion worth of solar equipment imported by India, in the first nine months of FY20, $1.2 billion was from China. The other 15% come from countries such as Malaysia, South Korea, Vietnam and Taiwan.
Government Initiatives for Self-reliant India in Energy Sector: As on 30 November 2020, the total installed capacity for Renewables is 90+ GW with the following break up:
- Wind Power: 38.43 GW
- Solar Power: 36.91 GW
- Biopower: 10.31 GW
- Small Hydro Power: 4.74 GW
- Government commitments
Reduce the emission intensity of GDP by 33%-35% from 2005 levels and increase the share of non-fossil fuels in total capacity to 40% by 2030
• Proposed Solar City and Park
60 solar cities approved and $1.3 billion allocated to establish 50 solar parks of 40GW by 2020 • New areas of opportunities Wind – a solar hybrid, offshore wind power.
PLI scheme launched in Solar PV manufacturing with a financial outlay of Rs 4,500 crore under Atmanirbhar
Milestones for India
Challenges lie ahead, but there is the reason for optimism. Since “being self-reliant in the energy sector is a tough challenge”, but India will do everything possible to become self-reliant in every field and we will get success too. We do not have a shortage of natural resources but we are dependent on other countries for very important things, but if we try to depend on ourselves for those things then we will definitely be self-sufficient.
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